savage

When a horse bites another horse or a person.

second dam

Grandmother of a horse. Also known as a “granddam.”

socks

Solid white markings extending from the top of the hoof to the ankles.

sophomores

Three-year-old horses. Called sophomores because age three is the second year of racing eligibility.

stall walker

Horse that moves about its stall constantly and frets rather than rests.

stallion

A male horse used for breeding.

stallion season

The right to breed one mare to a particular stallion during one breeding season.

stallion share

A lifetime breeding right to a stallion; one mare per season per share.

state-bred

A horse bred in a particular state and thus eligible to compete in races restricted to state-breds.

stockings

Solid white markings extending from the top of the hoof to the knee or hock.

stripe

A white marking running down a horse’s face, starting under an imaginary line connecting the tops of the eyes.

stud

1) Male horse used for breeding. 2) A breeding farm.

stud book

Registry and genealogical record of Thoroughbreds, maintained by the Jockey Club of the country in question. Use lower case when describing a generic stud book, all words, including “The,” are capitalized when describing “The American Stud Book.”

suckling

A foal in its first year of life, while it is still nursing.

swipe

A groom.

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